Major Events
The major events of WWII are the invasion of Poland because that was the first country that they invaded and conquered which that event also started WWII. The second major event is when Hitler sent lots of troops and larger tanks to conquer France and after 10 days they finally reached France and surrounded the Allied forces around Lille, a northern French city. The French had to retreat to Dunkirk, a French port city, and they were trapped in the sea. Britain sent 850 ships to Dunkirk to rescue the troops in French. Even though they saved 338,000 troops, France began to crumble (2). On June 14, they had taken over Paris and in June 22, 1940, they surrendered and they controlled northern France while Marshall Philippe P├ętain had to control southern France (2).

Britain were the only allied country that hasn't been conquered by Germany. Winston Churchill was the new prime minister at that time and he said that they should fight back. Hitler decides to attack the Royal Air Force first and their factories. On September 7, 1940, they went to focus on bombing cities instead like London. But the Royal Air Force had the technology to know when they'll attract because they made a radar to know speed and direction the airplane is coming from and an Enigma which could crack German code and could now when they'll attack. Instead of bombing during the day, Hitler decides to bomb during the night which made the Londoners had to hide to the subways since they were air-raid shelters and basements (2). In May 10, 1941, Hitler called off the attacks since he was focused on Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean (2).

In the War in the Balkans, Hitler decides to attack the Soviet Union and in order to invade their is to the Balkans since it was an Eastern country in Europe. He later persuaded Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Greece to join the Axis powers, but they refused to. He invaded those countries and moved on to conquer the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union weren't prepared for the battle and as he moved forward, to Russian had to burn their crops like they did when Napoleon was coming (2). But the Germans bombed places that food were stored and the Russians had to eat cattle and even cats and dogs. But on December, they were in their summer uniforms which they had to retreat, but Hitler said "No Retreat!" (2). March 1943, they didn't gained nothing but lots of losses of their troops (2).

The Americans were thinking if they should go to war or not. But Theodore Roosevelt decided to send them goods instead. But on September 4, 1941, German U-boat ship sunk an American ship in the Atlantic and they were involved on fighting Hitler. On December 7, 1942, the Japanese had attacked Pearl Harbor which led for Theodore Roosevelt to get America to be involved in WWII (2).

In the Battle of Midway in June 4, the U.S. destroyed lots of Japanese aircrafts and on June 7, 1942 the U.S. gained control of the Pacific which this led to a turning point to the war (3). Another turning point was on 1943 when the Germans launched an attack to the Russians in Stalingrad, but the Russians nearly destroyed the Germans which this lead to the victories to the Allies. On May 1944, Theodore Roosevelt planned to attack the Germans in Normandy and on June 6, they attacked the Germans am this day was known as D-Day. On July, they invaded Paris and they finally let the Germans out of France and later Belgium and Luxembourg (2). On December 16, the Allies were in west of Germany and the Soviet were in east of Germany. In the Battle of Bulge, the Germans were trying to attack the Allies, but they failed and they had to retreat. On April 25, 1945, the Soviet Union attacked the capital of Germany which led them to invade Berlin later. After the Battle of Bulge, Hitler married Eva Braun, a companion, and they both committed suicide and later their bodies were later carried outside and they were burned. But Roosevelt also died to see this great victory to the Allies in Europe. On May 9, the Nazis surrendered and they signed a treaty in Berlin ending the war in Europe. On August 6, the Americans dropped a bomb in Hiroshima and three days later another bomb in Nagasaki which made the Japanese surrendered thus ending WWII (2).


U.S. Involvement in WWII
September 1939, the U.S. we're avoiding any problems from other foreign countries. But the war broke out in Europe and in 1940 the Nazis captured France which this led the only democratic countries were Britain and the U.S. In 1941, Roosevelt decided to send ammunition and food to Britain. On September 1941, Germans U boats attacked American ships which Churchill convinced Roosevelt should entered the war, but he denied it. On December 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor which Roosevelt made his decision and let America enter the war and Hitler later declared war to America (4).

Early 1943, the Allied forces invaded Sicily which later they had to capture Italy. June 1944, they finally captured Rome and they defeated the Italians. It stopped the Italians, but the Germans continued to fight (2).

Meanwhile at home, a lot of factories were peaceful since there wasn't lot of war which this led to the Great Depression and they were abandoned for a couple of years until when the Americans were involved in the war they were making weapons for the allies. Meat and gasoline were also shipped to the Allies. The government also lowered the speed limit in the states to 35mph in order to save gas and rubber (2). Another reason was they need the rubber for planes and tanks, but the rubber were in Southeast Asia, so they had to limit the use of rubber, but this also made the Americans to recycle rubber in order to make the planes and tanks. Another item that was produced that was important was canteens and they were made metal. The problem was they were short on metal, so they had to use other items that were made of metal like pipes and old cars to make the canteens. This is also limited a lot of unemployed people to have a job to work on the factory and this is also raised lots of wages and increased savings. This also led for .million women to find jobs, but still they were paid less than men. Women didn't just worked at the factories but this led to African Americans to work their as well and Roosevelt created the Fair Employment Practices Commission to not discriminate any religion or race (4).

But this also led to a negative effect to the government. Ever since the bombing of Pearl Harbor which scared lots of Americans. This led the government to make the Japanese Americans to move into camps and they think this would prevent from the Japanese Americans to invade any parts of America. But most of the Japanese that were in camps were actually born in America. Most of them actually fought in war to help America to defeat their own kind, but their family still had to stay in the camps (2).

A weapon that was created by the Americans was the atomic bomb. This weapon also helped to end WWII. It took many years to build until in 1945, the first atomic bomb was made. They dropped it in New Mexico on July 16, 1945 and it was a success. On August 6, 1945, they dropped it at Hiroshima which killed 70,000-80,000 people (2). On August 9, another one was dropped at Nagasaki which ended WWII. 330,000 American soldiers cost their lives during the war (5).

Japan's Pacific Campaign

On October 1940, the Americans cracked one of the Japanese codes when they were sending secret messages to each other. They thought the Japanese will conquered the Europeans and Americans conquered like the Philippines, so the Americans sent troops and also strengthen China's resistance as well. July 1941, the Japanese had already conquered Cambodia, Vietnam, and Laos and this made Roosevelt to not send any oil to Japan, but they still didn't give up (2). One Japanese general named Isoroku Yamato decides to plan a massive attack on the British and Dutch colonies in Southeast Asia and an attack on the U.S. fleet in Hawaii (2). On December December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor was under attack by the Japanese. The Japanese sunk 19 ships and 8 battleships within 2 hours (2). 2,300 American soldiers were killed and 1,100 were wounded during the attack. After that, the Americans declared war on the Japanese. While Pearl Harbor was being under attacked, the Japanese launched bombing raids at Hong Kong, Guam, and Wake Island and later they invaded the forces of Thailand (2).

After the invasion of the colonies, they wanted to invade the Philippines. They invaded the Bataan peninsula and finally the Philippines were in the hands of the Japanese. They invaded Malaya then Indonesia and they decided to plan out an attack on India.

They tortured the Allies soldiers and one of them was the Bataan Death March. The soldiers had to march 50 miles up the peninsula (2). 70,000 soldiers were part of the March and 54,000 of them survived the march. They even made them to dig up their own grave and fall down to the pit by the guards stunning them with a shovel to their heads and they piled them up.

On May 1942, the American with the help of Australian soldiers would strike the Japanese Air Force in New Guinea (2). In the Battle of the Coral Sea, the Japanese airplanes attacked the Allied ships, but this made the Japanese stopped from advancing south. Their next island to conquer was Midway, but on June 4, the Americans attacked their fleets and this made the Allies defeat the Japanese (2).

A general named General Douglas MacArthur developed a plan to get the island that the Japanese conquered and they would seize it from them. The first island to seize was Guadalcanal. For 6 months, the allies tried to seize the island from the Japanese and they finally succeeded (2). This was the first step to victory.

Allied Victory
1944, by this time, the allies had already begun to destroy german cities,transports and factories and also win back areas that Germany occupied cities as Northern and Southern France. Their main source of victory came from using air warfare and armored battalions. By the time Hitler had committed suicide in 1945, Russians had already begun to occupy Berlin. The Germans were forced to surrender.

The Pacific warfare was also coming to a close. The allies had slowly begun to take over Japanese islands such as The Philippines and the Mariana Islands. Even though that Japanese were suffering defeat, they still refused to surrender. August 6 1945, the U.S. used their secret weapon, the atomic bomb to totally annihilate Hiroshima, 3 days later they attacked Nagasaki. They were forced to surrender.

May people in Japan still suffer from radiation and mutation from the bombings. The Bombs are a very controversial part of the War, many argue that the US could've won without using the devastating weapon.
Holocaust

The Holocaust or "The Final Solution" was a massive persecution and genocide of Jews during World War 2 (1). The Jews were originally forced tow work before being killed but as time went on, they were simply killed once captured. Barely any have survived any many have shared their scarring accounts.
How it Worked

The Jews would be captured and put into ghettos once an area was occupied by the nazis, from there they would be sent to concentration camps to be executed (1). Concentration camp are very dirty and unclean areas where someone (usually a persecuted race, ethnicity) would be sent to be killed. The usual way of execution was by disintegrating their body in an oven or gas chamber. Their ashes would be released into the air. Various survivors say in their accounts that the ashes smelled of a sweet aroma. Millions would be killed in this fashion. Heinrich Himmler was mainly in charge of security manners during the Great Depression (1). As such he is one of the biggest figures in making the "Final Solution" a reality.

Propaganda

Propaganda is the use of media, advertisement, entertainment etc. to convince a public to believe or do something. Propaganda has been used multiple times before , but ones of its most used points and most controversial points was during World War 2.

Examples of Propaganda


Cartoons
Cartoons where a very common source for Propaganda. The first and most common one would be from comic strips or advertisement posters. Like political cartoons, the often make the enemy look either brainless or terrifying with complete exaggeration. For example The Nazis made Propaganda that usually combined all four of their enemy's into one (Russia, United States, Majority of Europe and any Jew). Such as combing all four into a spider or giant monster. The United States often made the three leaders out in cartoonish ways, hitter was usually scrawny and wimpy, Mussolini would be brutish and dumb, and Tojo was always draw with large buck teeth and was usually presented as a megalomanic. Most of these convinced the U.S. To buy War Bonds and Stamps.
Examples
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Animation
Animation is another key feature for Propaganda. Many cartoons (such as Merry Melodies and Mickey Mouse) brought up various topics in the war. Some could be to convince the public to due part in a cause (how to spend their money), some were made to scare and others were made for humor (Abusing Hitler). Many were shown to children to appeal towards their generation.

The beginning of world war 2
The beginning of 1939 Hitler and Stalin sign the German-Soviet Non aggression Pact. The pact was that Stalin would fight with hitter and Hitler wouldn't face a war by himself once he invaded Poland, and would have Soviet help in conquering the nation. On September 1, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland , France and Britain declared war on Germany, beginning World War II. Attackedbegan by both Russia and Germany Poland fell quick. Then hitter start to take Jews to the camps. Started to kill them and the world took notice that hitter was doing thsi and then Russia or the Soviet Union help Germany. The U.S.A and England were against what the German were doing so they went to war against them.


Examples:

www.youtube.com/watch?v=PL8FxDhsfhs

Works cited:
1. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143
2. World History Textbook
3. http://www.solpass.org/7ss/standards/MajorEvents.htm
4. nationalww2museum.org
5. loc.gov