Rise of Dictators in Europe

The Great Depression which was the crash of the stock market it caused many problems, including poverty. Citizens turned to dictators, to restore the prosperity of their country and to better their lives. For example The dictator that citizens turned to in Italy was Benito Mussolini the creator of fascism, which is a militant political movement that relied on loyalty and obedience of their leader. (1)A dictatorship is a very unfair and is the cause for many deaths, for example Adolf Hitler was responsible for 17 million deaths, Jozef Stalin was responsible for 23 million deaths, and the most ruthless dictator of all was named Mao Zedong and he was responsible for 49 to 78 million deaths. Dictators are very ruthless, merciless, and unfair, you can be punished harshly even by death for little crimes and disrespecting him in the smallest way possible. Dictators are evil people, they have so much power that nobody can stop them except another country and their army, this is called totalitarianism.Dictators had many different ways of succeeding and keeping control of the people, for example hitler gained power by using propaganda and violence, Joseph Stalin gained power by making other people that tried to shame him look bad in court with a smart politician and he also gained power by tricking people, Benito Mussolini gained power using blitzkrieg, which is punishing a country and then later promising to reward them so that they would like and respect him. (2)Dictators would later lead to WWII because of the attack that the Nazi's had on Poland, Britain and France realized that Hitler could only be stopped with force and that meant war. (1)

(1)http://teachersites.schoolworld.com/webpages/TBurke1/files/25.2%20The%20Rise%20of%20Dictators%20and%20World%20War%20II.pdf
(2)http://briannahildreth.edu.glogster.com/the-rise-of-dictatorship-in-europe/

The Beginning of WWII


The War began because of the Nazi's attack on Poland. Britain and France realized that Hitler could only be stopped with force so World War 2 began. The War was fought by the United States allies including Britain, France, and the Soviet Union, those times were very dark for the allies it seemed like the Germans cloud not be stopped.(3) The Germans were taking over country after country, the powerful allies were getting weaker and weaker as the war went on. The United States was still urged by the people to not get involved in the war. After Pearl Harbor when Japan who was allied with Germany, launched a devastatng surprise attack on Hawaii with no warning on an early Sunday morning, this caused the United States to finally join the war and fight Germany and their allies.(2)The first thing that the United States and our allies did was strike back Japan. The United States sent many air strikes on Japan's major cities including Tokyo. The bombs did not do much damage but left the Japanese scared and vulnerable for an attack.(2) The Battle of the Coral followed that was naval warfare, most of the time the ships couldn't see each other so the planes shot down most of the ships. The battle that followed this was one of the most important battles of World War 2, The Battle of Midway. The battle of Midway turned the tide in the pacific after destroying more than 300 Japanese planes before they took off the carrier.(1)



(1)World History Textbook

(2) http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/world-war-ii-history

(3)http://teachersites.schoolworld.com/webpages/TBurke1/files/25.2%20The%20Rise%20of%20Dictators%20and%20World%20War%20II.pdf


Major Events of World War 2 (Major Battles)



Their are many important and major events and battles of World War 2. One Major Event was when the Nazi's attacked Poland, after this France and Britain declared war on Germany because they realized that the Nazis could not be stopped with words, they would have to use force. After the Germans conquered Poland they moved on to France and conquered them in 1940 soon after, all of Europe and North Africa was conquered except Britain. This is a major event because this is what started World War 2. (1)

The next Major event is Pearl Harbor, where the Japanese launched a surprise attack without warning, on an early Sunday morning in Hawaii killing many American citizens and soldiers. This is what caused the United States to join the war and stop the Germans and their allies. Pearl Harbor lead to the Battle of Midway, which was one of the most important battles of World War 2, where the Americans destroyed close to 300 planes before they took off, letting us taking control of the pacific, this was a major turning point in the war. (2)

Another Important battle was Stalingrad, which is where the Germans sent 4 million soldiers over to Russia, the Germans were making advancements in to Russia killing around 2 million Russians in the time of a month. Then winter came and the Germans had summer uniforms on, due to this Stalin used the power of numbers sending millions of troops at the Germans this was the starting point of when the Germans were getting weak.

D-Day is another major battle that led to the fall of the Germans. D-Day is where Dwight Eisenhower led the United States and their allies to go though France and Normandy to get to Germany while the Russians fought from the east around one year later the Germans surrendered. (1)

After the war in Europe the Japanese kept fighting, Truman decided to use the new atomic bomb to cause no more American casualties. The bomb killed 78,000 people and injuring more than 100,000 people in Hiroshima. Their was also a bomb dropped on Nagasaki after killing about another 40,000, this is an important event because this finally ended the war.

Another important event was the Holocaust where the Germans murdered about 6 million Jews and others that they thought were not a good race including blacks, obese, Christians, handicapped, the mentally retarded, and others. The Germans thought that they were the best race and that they should rid the world of all the others. This was one of the many things that led to the war. These are all very important events and all led to the war and to the the defeat of the Germans. (2)



(1)http://www.solpass.org/7ss/standards/MajorEvents.htm

(2) World History Textbook


U.S. Involvement in WWII


Early in the war FDR knew that the war in Europe would effect us here in the United States, he said "I have said this before, but I shall say it again and again: your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars."-Roosevelt, 1940. FDR wanted no part of the war in Europe, so he stayed isolated from the war. The United States continued to be lured into the war because they helped Britain's convoys stay protected from Germany's Submarines.(1) This all led to 1941 when they had no choice but to enter the war. Japan planed a stunning attack upon the United States military camp in Pearl Harbor, this attacked marked the end of the United States' isolation. The United States both shocked and scared they were forced to enter a global war while they were wounded and depleted as well. Just days later the Axis Powers declared war on the United States. Just a day after the brutal bombing FDR said "No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory."- President Franklin D. Roosevelt, December 8, 1941.

The United States were in a tough position, they were unequipped and they were forced to create a large army to take on the axis powers, but at the same time they needed to help provide for their allies Britain and the Soviet-Union. The United States was in such a whole that they decided to hold a draft for soldiers, then they trained civilian men into soldiers. Once the fighting began the Americans were at a loss for money, so they began to file income taxes against other americans. They were a huge part of the invasion that also ended the huge global war now known as WWII.(2)

(1)http://www.history.co.uk/study-topics/history-of-ww2/us-entry-and-alliance

(2) http://www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/for-students/ww2-history/america-goes-to-war.html

Japanese Pacific Campaign

On October of 1940, Americans were able to detect a secret code from Japan. Americans found out the plan that Japan had set for South Asia. The Japanese code told the Americans that if Japan Captured European colonies, it could then attack American allies. American armies sent extra help to China, to try and stop the Japanese army. Japan was able to conquer French Indochina—Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos. USA's president Roosevelt stopped all oil shipments to Japan. (1)
With a shortage of oil in Japan, they were still hoping to plan massive attack. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto wanted to catch Americans by surprise. He declared Japan to have an attack on Hawaii. On December 7, 1941, workers at Perl Harborer were having a typical day. When Americans received another code from Japan, that said it would place another attack on America. Then, out of no where, Japanese planes flew over head. The planes were all holding different types of explosives to try and destroy their target, Pearl Harbor. Within two hours, the Americans had lost 8 battleships, and 19 ships in all. Also their was a casualty of about 2,300 Americans. At the same time as the Pearl Harbor Attack, Japan launched bombing raids toward Hong Kong, Guam, and Wake Island. (1)
Japan then went in a period of many victories. Japan was able to walk over Wake Island and Guam. So they turned their attention to the Philippines. In January of 1942, Japan walked into Manila and took over. Within a month, Japan took over the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia), including the islands of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Singapore and Celebes. With Japan at its peak, they had gained more then 1 million square miles which held more then 150 millions people in this area. (1)
Japan was beginning to become a powerhouse. They would treat all their prisoners with disrespect because nobody could stop them. The Japanese set up the Bataan Death March. This was a march were prisoners would walk miles and miles until they died or reached their destination over the treacherous hull. On the Bataan March, 70,000 people started the march, and only 54,000 survived. (1)
The allies started fighting back again. In April of 1942, US bombers bombed Tokyo. Then, Japan and America entered the Battle of the Coral Sea, where each army used different types of Naval techniques. The battle of Midway was a major win for the Allies. They were able to ruin the Japanese surprise attack on Midway Island. American pilots shot down 332 Japanese planes, all four aircraft carriers, and one support ship. Another victory for the allies was at the Battle of Guadalcanal, a grueling six month war in which the Japanese lost 24,000 of their 36,000 troops. (1)
1. http://jmcentarfer.tripod.com/ch32_2.pdf

Holocaust

The Holocaust was one of the most brutal times throughout world history. The term holocaust literally means "sacrifice by fire" in Greek. It was started by the Germans, or Nazi. When a German Dictator, Adolf Hitler, came to power, the world was in for a massive change. Adolf first came to power in January 30, 1930, when he was named the Chancellor. When Hitler became Chancellor, it was just the ending of World War I. Hitler was one of the best speakers during his time for the German parties, and this is why he was ranked so high. Then Hitler declared Dictatorship. He was known for hypnotizing. It was said that Hitler would tell people that Jews are the reason of this or that. For example, if the stock went down, it was the Jews fault. If a relative died, it was the Jews fault. Everything was because of the Jews, so, Hitler said to kill them. Nazi would shoot any Jews if they were found in abandoned houses hiding, and any captured Jews had it even worst.(3)

Captured Jews would be put into Concentration Camps. These were terrible laborer camps that Jews and even blacks, gays, gypsies, and handicapped were put in until they either died or escaped.(2) Jews would enter these horrendous camp through a long treacherous train ride. On this journey, most people would catch diseases. When the victims reach their destination, they would then be separated based on age, sex, and health. More then half of the newbies would be murdered on their first day. But those who made it pass the first murders were then stripped of everything they owned. All hair was cut from their body, all jewelry was stolen, sometimes the nazi would remove all of you teeth, if not just false teeth. Then they would have to be stripped of all clothes and given a uniform, but if the camp was running low on uniforms or were out, you would have to spend the rest of you time in the camps with no clothes, especially through the winter. (1)

Life inside of these concentration camps were very tough. You may go weeks before getting a meal or showering. Every time people would go to sleep with a love one, they would wonder of they are ever going to see them again, or if your going to wake up the next morning. In a room a little smaller then a typical class penis room, you could fit about 250 jews to sleep. Most jews would sleep on top of unknown dead people. Everyday you a a specific job to do, with no pay at all, and very long hours. The only only reasons why the Jews didn't kill themselves were because they did have the materials to, or were waiting for an army to come and save you.

Every concentration camp was different, some were three sites long, others were barley the size of a small parking lot. One of the most dreaded camps was Auschwitz. This was the largest camp and was located in Poland. This place was know for its gas chambers and Crematoriums. The gas chamber was were hundreds of jews were huddled into a tiny room, and scared. Then doors would lock, and it went dark. Next aloud noise would sound and gas would start coming through the walls and celling. The gas that was used was called hydrogen cyanide and was in the form of Zyklon B. The first gassing with Zyklon B took place at Auschwitz, on the date September 3, 1941. Another camp that used gas chambers was Majdanek, located in Poland.

Most Concentration Camps were freed at the end of World War ll. They were liberated or freed by the Red Army. The Red Army was mostly rebels of the Holocaust.



(1) http://www.ushmm.org/learn/students/the-holocaust-a-learning-site-for-students

(2) http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaustushmm.org

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Allied Victory

General Bernard Montgomery went to take control over the British forces in North Africa, but when the troops got there, the Germans were in perfect positioning. The Germans had reached El Alamein, A city in Egypt just west of Alexandria. Since the British forces had no where to go with Germans surrounding them, Montgomery decided to attack the Germans with a massive frontal attack. On October 23, the Battle of El Alamein had begun. On November 4, General Erwin Rommel and his troops had been pushed back. American General Dwight Eisenhower led his American troops of 100,000 to Morocco and Algeria. Here Montgomery and Eisenhower were able to defeat Rommel's Afrika Korps in May of 1943.
With the Nazi also in trouble, Hitler sent his sixth troop to Caucasus Mountains to try and gain more of the oil fields. Also they were on a mission to capture Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad began on August 23, 1942. In November the Nazi had controlled about 90 percent of the ruined city, but on November 19, the Soviets were making a strong push foreword. Then on February 2, 1943, the Nazi surrendered due to the lack of food and thousands of soldiers with frostbite.
The battle then moved to Italy. Generals Roosevelt and Churchill and their troops landed in Sicily, Italy, and would later capture it. This caused one of Italy's Dictators, Mussolini to be thrown from power. On September 3, Italy surrendered, but the Germans regained control of Italy and put Mussolini back to power. Germany would later fall in May of 1945.
With war coming close to an end and no war fought in America, Jobs started to thrive. New types of material were being produced. This was the uprise of new bullets, tanks, and machine guns. The allies became stronger then ever.
The invasion of the coast of Normandy was a crucial point at the war. This day was known as D-Day. The invasion started on June 6, 1944. British, American, French, and Canadian troops fought their way onto a 60-mile stretch of land. On the first day of arrival, 2,700 men died. But in late July, Americans broke through, and were able to reach Paris. They were then able to liberate France, Belgium, and Luxembourg. American knew they had one last thing to do, and that was to attack Germany on their homeland. This was a result of the Battle of Bulge. A hard fought battle one by the allies.
Then April 29, the allies had surrounded Germany. Hitler knew the was was close to over. He decided to marry his love Eva Braun, and together they committed suicide. The Americans celebrated V-E-Day, Victory in Europe day. Then on August 6, 1945, American dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, causing the Japanese to surrender, and the war to end.
1. http://jmcentarfer.tripod.com/ch32_2.pdf


After Math of WWII



WWII resulted in the most deaths across the world than any other war to this day. The total tally ended up being 80 million casualties in the war. At that time in the world, the population was only about 2 billion. Across the decade that the war went across 4% of the whole worlds population was killed off. (1) On top of that war crimes were committed that led to more deaths. To add on to the already harmful war, many other families went into poverty because the war severely damaged their family and their wealth. Families, buildings, cities, factories, homes, and lives were all destroyed because of the war. To be completely honest the number of people affected by the war did not stop when the fighting did, there are still people today mourning deaths, and suffering the consequences of a war that was 70 years ago.

After the war, like all wars, an agreement was needed to stop the fighting. The countries primarily against Hitler were forced to give up territories and pay back their allies. Germany had to divide its capitol, Berlin, into four parts. Each part was controlled by either Britain, U.S., France, or the Soviet Union. The four countries that controlled Germany constantly were disagreeing so they made Germany two separate countries, East Germany (communist) and West Germany (democratic).

After all of this controversy, Europe became divided and that led to the Cold War. Many wrongdoers were punished and many families were destroyed. The biggest task after the war, was to rebuild cities and try to put together families, which took along time. (2)


(1)http://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2011/10/world-war-ii-after-the-war/100180/

(2) http://www.english-online.at/history/world-war-2/results-and-aftermath-of-world-war-ii.htm

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The Use of Propaganda

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