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Friday, May 22

  1. page Lucero-Garcia, McNeill, Deguevara edited {Xphoto 3.JPG} The Allied and Axis Powers of WWII Rise of Dictators in Europe Joseph Stalin …
    {Xphoto 3.JPG} The Allied and Axis Powers of WWII
    Rise of Dictators in Europe
    Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, 1879 in Gorilla, Georgia into a poor family. His mother was a washerwoman, and his fair was a cobbler. He caught small pox as a child. This made him weak, so naturally Joseph Stalin always felt he needed to prove himself. This plays a major role in his dictatorship in the Soviet Union.
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  2. page Lucero-Garcia, McNeill, Deguevara edited {Xphoto 3.JPG} Rise of Dictators in Europe Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, 1879 in Gor…
    {Xphoto 3.JPG}
    Rise of Dictators in Europe
    Joseph Stalin was born on December 18, 1879 in Gorilla, Georgia into a poor family. His mother was a washerwoman, and his fair was a cobbler. He caught small pox as a child. This made him weak, so naturally Joseph Stalin always felt he needed to prove himself. This plays a major role in his dictatorship in the Soviet Union.
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  3. page Lucero-Garcia, McNeill, Deguevara edited ... Adolf Hitler was born in an Austrian Village of Braunau am Inn. It had a fairly close proximit…
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    Adolf Hitler was born in an Austrian Village of Braunau am Inn. It had a fairly close proximity to Germany. His father was a customs official. His mother on the other hand was jobless. She was born into a peasant family, thus explaining her employment status of that time. Hitler's father did not like Adolf at all. He had a short temper, and Adolf found himself on the recieving end on most of the outbursts.
    Hitler did poorly in school and graduated with no qualifications and 16. He graduated and decided to work to become an artist. Of course, his father did not agree with his decision. Whenever Hitler's father died in the year of 1903, Hitler saw it as an opening to become what his heart truly wanted. He joined the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. However, in 1907 he was booted.
    Hitler life wasis falling apart at this time in his life.time; His father
    Hitler was still in Austria when WWI started, and he did not whatsoever like Austria's Multi-ethnic ways in their military, so he fled to avoid being drafts in the military. He moved to Munich, Germany. Hitler stayed loyal to the fatherland and fought in the war as an infantryman. Hitler was wounded in the war and was recovering in Pasewalk. It was there that Hitler became outraged. Germany surrendered. Hitler couldn't believe it. He thought they were winning the war. Hitler blamed the Jews and socialists for the defeat of an undefeated Reich. He went into politics as soon as he got back to Germany. After the Treaty of Versaille, Hitler saw Germany fall part in poverty. He couldn't take it anymore. Hitler joined the German Workers Party. He saw their anti-Semitic and nationalist beliefs and joned. He became the biggest member of the party and spoke to crowds of 6,000+ citizens. He saw his popularity as an advantage, and he did the unthinkable. He started a revolution. He was arrested for treason and spent five years in prison. He spent 9 months of his sentence and got out. Surprisingly, Hitler found himself in Gefmany's government again. He was named Nazi leader (German Worker's Party) and chancellor. As we all know, Hitler took control of Germany, and spread his idea of a perfect Aryan race and land power. Hitler ruled until 1945. He captured most of Europe, but failed when he couldn't conquer the Soviet Union. He later committed suicide before his capture by allied forces.
    Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was bored on July 29, 1883. Mussolini was raised in a poor family in a poor city. Only raised by his father, who was a blacksmith, Benito wasn't the wealthiest or properly raised child. Getting a job where Mussolini lived was so hard he ended up moving to Switzerland. In Switzerland, Mussolini discover Socialism. He began talking and participating in events that encourage a socialist movement. In 1904, Mussolini traveled back to Italy to become a Journalist. Some say he was sent back by the Swiss socialist group to spread socialist thoughts internationally. He wrote for a socialist press. He was a major supporter of Italy's involvement in wars, more specifically WWI. This all came crashing down, however, because Mussolini was drafted into the Italian Military in Spetember of 1915. Mussolini retired from the military in 1919 and formed the Fascist Party for non employed war veterans. Veterans who joined became known as the Black Shirts. The job of a Black Shirt was to terrorize and mentally break down political opponents who opposed fascism. Mussolini made his party the biggest in the nation and gained national and international attention. They were eventually invited by the coalition government to be a part of them. At this point on time, Mussolini knew he was going to be the next leader of Italy. The whole objective of his life is to dictate Italy and make it his. (1)
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    5. http://www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/for-students/ww2-history/america-goes-to-war.html
    6. http://jmcentarfer.tripod.com/ch32_2.pdf
    7.
    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143
    http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143
    8. worldwarii.biz
    9. mustangsmustangs.com
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  4. page Lucero-Garcia, McNeill, Deguevara edited ... During October of the year 1922, Italy became unrest and started falling due to political turm…
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    During October of the year 1922, Italy became unrest and started falling due to political turmoil. Political leaders from the Democratic Republic of Italy, and the people of Italy started looking to the only man who could be able to pull the country out from its fall, and that man was Benito Mussolini and his Black Shirts. King Victor Emmanuel, the current leader of Italy at the time, asked (more like begging) Mussolini to form a new government. By 1925, Mussolini took over Italy and it's democracy and made himself dictator. The title he gave himself was "Il Duce."
    Benito Mussolini was voted out of office by his own Grand Council and arrested after his meeting with King Vittorio Emanuele. (2)
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    The Beginning of WWII
    There are now 3 empires in Europe and an empire on the rise in Japan around 1939. They are all run by dictators. Conflict in Europe started when the Soviet Union and Germany signed a nonaggression treaty. This was between Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler. Hitler and Stalin did not exactly like each other. That will play a part later in the conflicts. Now with the Soviet Union out of the picture, Hitler can invade countries with ease. Hitler first invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. His plan of tactic was surprise and fast striking. Blitzkrieg was used as Hitler's war tactic. France and Great Britian saw this and declared war on September 3, 1939. Hitler worked with Stalin and agreed that the Soviets could take control of Finland and the Baltic countries. The Soviets had a tough time taking over Finland. Finland was not going to let their country fall to invaders easily. It took almost a year to fully take Finland. Soldiers on skis dealt many casualties to the Soviets. The winter was harsh on Soviet soldiers. Finally, in 1940, Soviet troops took full control of Finland. France protected their border into France by stationing troops along the Maginot Line. They waited for the Germans to attack but nobody came. The Frnch had enough and moved eastward to confront the Germans and take the war to them. Germany saw this as opportunity to invade other countries. They launched more blitzkrieg attacks. This time on Denmark and Norway. In a total of two months, both countries sureprendered their land. Broker knew it wasn't going to be easy to get France, so he circled the country by taking control of Belgium and Luxemborg. The Germans then found a way to the Maginot Line by going through the Ardennes. France was now under attack. France was never fully taken control of due to the Free French Army. But the Germans were liberated from France in 1944 thanks to allied forces. Hitler has now tried to take his focused off of all the little countries he has taken over and is now on his main objectives of Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Hitler has broken the non-aggression treaty he signed with Stalin. Now GB and the SV is now in the war fighting for their country. Hitler never took control of Great Brotain nor invaded. He did however bomb Great Britain heavily. He invaded the Soviet Union but failed. This is the main reason Hitler lost power.
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    U.S. Involvement In WWII
    The U.S. became involved in the war on December 7th, 1941 after Japan surprise attacked an American Military Base in Hawaii; Pearl Harbor. The government placed a naval base in Hawaii and sent troops to man the warships and aircraft. The Japanese warplanes that were sent to attack destroyed or damaged 18 warship and over 164 aircraft. More than 2,400 people died that day, both service men and civilians. Many were stunned and saddened by the events of that very day. But, their loss did not get in the way when they declared war on Japan and thus, America was drawn into the global war. They also already had Allies and joined the war prepared with majorly, Great Britain and the Soviet Union on their side. Because they had lost many soldiers, America had to draft in a lot of citizens who were at a certain age so that they would have enough numbers to be able to fight. Thee were rarely any volunteers because some were against the war or didn't want to die. (5)
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    Japan's Pacific Campaign
    Like Hitler, Japan's military leaders had dreams of an empire. Their expansion began in 1931. During that year, Japan took over Northeastern China; Manchuria. 6 years later, Japanese troops attacked the heartland of China. They hoped for an easy victory but what they did not expect was the resistance of the Chinese which caused the war to drag on longer than they expected. Because of the dragged on war, Japanese economy was strained and to increase their resources, they looked toward the rich European Colonies in Southeast Asia. On October, 1940 the Americans had cracked one of the codes that the Japanese used to send secret messages and they were aware of their plans for Southeast Asia. If Japan conquered European colonies there, it could also threaten the American-controlled Philippine Islands and Guam. To stop this, the U.S. sent help to strengthen Chinese resistance. When the Japanese overran Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, Roosevelt cut off the oil shipments to Japan. Despite this, the Japanese continued their conquest for power. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto called for an attack on the U.S fleet in Hawaii because it threatened to stop their conquest. This attack caused much death and was given the name "Pearl Harbor". (6)
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    The P-51 Mustang was a North American escort fighter. An escort fighter is a plane that helps protect allied bombers to their target and back. The mustang was used as an escort fighter because it could hold a lot of gas. Holding a lot of gas meant that the plane could follow the bombers all the way to the target and back. Also with the Rolls Royce V-12 engine it could travel fast at high altitudes.(9.)
    The mustang became a crucial part in day time bombing campaign. Since the long range bombers could be easily seen by the Luftwaffe (German Air-force), the bombers were big easy targets. With the Mustangs it became harder to shoot down the bombers. The Mustangs made the day time bombing campaign successful and a key factor in wining the war. (9.)
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    1. BBC.com
    2. History.com
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  5. page Scimeca McGing Kostecki edited ... Hiroshima and Nagasaki The Japanese fought on even after war in Europe ended. Truman had the …
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    Hiroshima and Nagasaki
    The Japanese fought on even after war in Europe ended. Truman had the atomic bomb, and he had a plan to use it. He wanted to prevent American casualties, but also end the war with Japan. On August 6, 1945, The Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. It killed 78,000 people and injured 100,000 more. Three days after Hiroshima another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, which killed 40,000.(3)
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    The U.S. Involvement in WWII
    The U.S. got involved in World War Two when Japan attacked the U.S. military in the Pacific, mainly Pearl Harbor. The Japanese sunk 18 warships, destroyed 164 war planes, and killed over 2,400 soldiers and civilians. On December 8, 1941, the U.S. declared war on Japan. Then three days later Germany and Italy declared war on Japan. (6)
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  7. page Scimeca McGing Kostecki edited ... Even after Hitlers death there were still "Death Marches" where 200,000 to 300,000 p…
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    Even after Hitlers death there were still "Death Marches" where 200,000 to 300,000 people died. The Nazis were punished for their harsh actions against the Jews with the Nuremberg Trials by the Allies. (4)
    {holocaust.jpg}
    http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberation
    The Allied Victory
    The allies greatest success in the end was the use of aircraft. Their aircrafts out powered and out numbered the Nazi party had. The allies frequently destroyed German cities and transport industries. They had landing strips in northern and southern France. (8)
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    9:15 pm
  8. page Scimeca McGing Kostecki edited http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberation {WW…
    http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberation
    {WWII
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    The Rise of Dictators in Europe
    The Great Depression spread around the world. In Germany and Italy, dictators appealed to desperate citizens by promising to restore prosperity. In Italy, Benito Mussolini built a political movement called fascism a system under which the government rules through terror and by appeal-ing to racism and nationalism.(2)
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    9:09 pm
  9. page Scimeca McGing Kostecki edited {WWII http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberat…
    {WWIIhttp://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberation
    {WWII
    Map.jpg}
    The Rise of Dictators in Europe
    The Great Depression spread around the world. In Germany and Italy, dictators appealed to desperate citizens by promising to restore prosperity. In Italy, Benito Mussolini built a political movement called fascism a system under which the government rules through terror and by appeal-ing to racism and nationalism.(2)
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    Even after Hitlers death there were still "Death Marches" where 200,000 to 300,000 people died. The Nazis were punished for their harsh actions against the Jews with the Nuremberg Trials by the Allies. (4)
    {holocaust.jpg}
    http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberation {world-war-2.jpg}
    The Allied Victory
    The allies greatest success in the end was the use of aircraft. Their aircrafts out powered and out numbered the Nazi party had. The allies frequently destroyed German cities and transport industries. They had landing strips in northern and southern France. (8)
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    9:08 pm
  10. page Scimeca McGing Kostecki edited ... Even after Hitlers death there were still "Death Marches" where 200,000 to 300,000 p…
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    Even after Hitlers death there were still "Death Marches" where 200,000 to 300,000 people died. The Nazis were punished for their harsh actions against the Jews with the Nuremberg Trials by the Allies. (4)
    {holocaust.jpg}
    http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-ii/the-holocaust/videos/concentration-camp-liberation {world-war-2.jpg}
    The Allied Victory
    The allies greatest success in the end was the use of aircraft. Their aircrafts out powered and out numbered the Nazi party had. The allies frequently destroyed German cities and transport industries. They had landing strips in northern and southern France. (8)
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